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General Information of Sukhothai

Sukhothai, a name meaning dawn of happiness, was founded in the 13th century and became the kingdom\'s first capital, overseeing a period seen as a golden age. Thai arts and culture prospered throughout the reign of eight Sukhothai kings, including King Ramkhamhaeng, who created the Thai alphabet. Gradual decline began in 1365, with the city eventually became a subservient state to Ayutthaya.

By far the most interesting attraction in the province is the old ruined city of Sukhothai. Set in a 45-square kilometre World Heritage-listed historical park, the ruins are spread out and easily explored by bicycle. Further afield there are more ruins at Si Satchanalai and several smaller sites, but most people tend to just tour old Sukhothai.

Sukhothai was also famed for its export of Sawankhalok pottery to much of Asia during its heyday, with a museum these days providing a glimpse into its production, the precursor to the celadon pottery Thailand is known for today

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Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto
Photograph by: Chotto

How To Go to Sukhothai

By Bus
Air-conditioned buses depart from Bangkok\'s Mochit 2 Bus Terminal to Sukhothai daily between 9.45 a.m. and 10.20 p.m.,frequently during the morning. The journey takes 7 hours. Call 0 2936 2852-66 or visit www.transport.co.th for more information. Private bus companies which operate daily bus services to Sukhothai are such as Win Tour (Tel: 0 2936 3753 or 0 5561 1039), Phitsanulok Yan Yon (Tel: 0 2936 2924-5, 0 5525 8647) Sukhothai Bus Terminal (Tel: 0 5561 3296)

By Rail
There are no trains going directly to Sukhothai. One may travel by train to Phitsanulok and then take a local bus to Sukhothai, about 59 kilometres away. Contact Bangkok Railway Station Tel. 1690, 02223 7010, 0 2223 7020 or visit www.railway.co.th for more information.

By Air
Bangkok Airways flies from Bangkok to Sukhothai daily for 1-hour journey. Sukhothai Airport is about 40 kilometres north of the town. For more information, call 0 2265 5678, 0 2265 5555 or 0 5564 7224-5 or visit www.bangkokair.com.

Interesting Festival in Sukhothai

Loi Krathong and Candle Festival

Sukhothais Loi Krathong is held annually on the full moon night of the 12th lunar month at the Sukhothai Historical Park. Activities during the festival include krathong floating, a fireworks display, and local games and performances amid the glamorous atmosphere of the Sukhothai Historical Park.

Si Satchanalai Ordination Celebration

Called by Thais as Buat Chang Hat Siao, this local event is held annually during 7-8 April at Ban Hat Siao, Amphoe Si Satchanalai. It features a spectacular procession of ordination candidates in colourful costumes on the backs of some 20-30 decorated elephants. The ceremony has been arranged by Thai Phuan, the citizens of Ban Hat Siao for more than 150 years.

Songkran Festival

This is an annual celebration of the Thai New Year, 13 April. The festival was mentioned in the famous stone inscription believed to be inscribed during the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great of the Sukhothai Kingdom.